: Environmental protection pressure, supply and demand two weak recycled plastics industry, where to go?
In recent years, the ecological environment problems faced by our country have become increasingly prominent, and pollution prevention is urgent. In the early July, the State Council issued the three year action plan to win the battle against the blue sky. It made clear the general idea, basic objectives, main tasks and safeguard measures for the prevention and control of air pollution, and carried out a series of special action measures to ensure that the air pollution control in China achieved greater results by 2020. Recently, the first batch of central environmental protection inspectors "look back" has been stationed in the end. As the key direction of environmental supervision in recent years, recycled plastics industry has become the focus of market attention again.
There is no doubt that "green" has become the main theme of China's current and future development. To this end, the state has promulgated a series of environmental protection policies and regulations such as prohibition of solid waste import, central environmental supervision and tax inspection, and increased supervision and inspection, which has brought great challenges to plastic enterprises, especially the regenerative plastics industry in a dilemma.
For recycled plastics industry, the environmental protection situation in 2018 is still very grim. With the promotion of national environmental protection, various recycled plastics manufacturers have been affected to varying degrees. Since 2011, a large number of enterprises have been shut down under the environmental supervision and inspection activities in China. The overall construction rate of the recycled plastic industry is kept at a low level.
Since the implementation of the "prohibition order", the situation of imported recycled materials is becoming more and more serious. In the "environmental protection control standards for solid wastes imported as raw materials", the state clearly stipulates that only thermoplastic wastes, leftovers and inferior products can be imported. According to statistics, the number of imports of waste plastics in China in 2017 was 5 million 830 thousand tons, down 20.7% from the same period last year, and the import amount was 3 billion 260 million 283 thousand US dollars, down 11.8% from the same period last year. In the context of the state's advocacy of environmental protection, the implementation of the latter policy will continue to increase.
If the small factories and family workshops are shut down by the environmental rectification, the "ban on waste" plan directly affects the source of the large regenerated grain factories, and the whole import waste plastic regenerative granulation industry may be slim. The source of waste plastics has been banned at the end of 2017, and industrial sources will be completely banned by the end of 2018. This means that the history of long term imports of waste materials will end, and millions of tons of raw material gaps need to find new directions.
The restriction on the import of waste plastics is unstoppable. The collapse of recycled plastics industry has made the price rise of raw materials become a trend, and the shortage has become the norm. This year, the comprehensive construction rate of recycled plastics in China is only about 30%, and the corresponding supply is also in a tight state for a long time. Thus, the price of recycled materials is still rigid under the pressure of low price of new materials. At the same time, domestic demand for recycled materials is not good, and market demand is weak. Production demand will continue to decrease. For example, PE, PVC, PET and other recycled plastic raw materials market has been trading insipid recently. Most of the recycled plastic manufacturers have to be cautious in mind and retreat from the market.
Looking at the background of the industry, recycled plastics industry is experiencing an unprecedented development dilemma. On the one hand, under the influence of the National prohibition policy, the price of recycled plastics is rising, and the supply of the manufacturers is tight. On the other hand, the consumption of recycled materials is reduced and the demand is not good. The whole regenerative industry needs to break the dilemma of the market.
At present, the enterprises that have long been engaged in the import of recycled materials have turned their eyes to the Southeast Asian market, while some manufacturers who specialize in importing wool have shipped all the other industries. Industry sources said that in the future, the domestic material or will occupy most of the market, the park production will be the trend of development, and the price of recycled plastic products will also go high, the price difference between new and old materials will continue to shrink, some manufacturers will turn to the demand for new materials.
However, at present, the quality of domestic materials is relatively poor, the output is small and the supply is insufficient, so it can not completely replace imported materials to meet the needs of domestic recycling. And domestic recycling system is still not perfect, all kinds of short boards remain. The industry expects that, after the most stringent environmental protection year in 2017, the import volume of waste plastics in 2018 is difficult to break through.
It is true that although China's recycled plastics industry has made some breakthroughs in recent years, it still faces many challenges on the road to environmental protection. As part of the recycling industry, the national level is supportive of advocacy, but environmental protection and environmental protection are the most important prerequisites. In view of this, enterprises engaged in recycling industry, whether in domestic production or imported recycled plastics abroad, need to operate according to regulations, improve the innovation and upgrading of technology and equipment at the same time, and make the production of recycled plastics into a scale and standardized transformation, thus promoting the construction of a new order in the industry. Establish and perfect, make recycled plastics industry truly achieve green cycle and sustainable development.